Top 10 causes of female infertility I Reproclinic
Causes of infertility

Top 10 causes of female infertility

By Reproclinic Editorial Committee
Infertility in Spain affects approximately to the 15% of the population. Although this is already an alarming number, scientists say that this number increases every year. 40% of the causes of infertility originate in male problems, other 40% in female and the last 20% are attributed to unknown or mixed causes.


For the demographic data is a devastating fact, since this is added to the fact that we increasingly delay the arrival of a child, whether for economic, work or a sum of all the environmental factors.


Main factors of female infertility


When the causes of infertility are not genetic, it can be related to many factors that intervene and can lead to not being fertile.


Nowadays we are very exposed to multiple dangers that can affect our chances of getting pregnant. We can avoid some of these dangers in an easy way, for example, having a healthier life. But there are others we can not avoid them so easily, such as stress, toxic products, etc.


  1. Obesity: Having a BMI higher than 29 increases the difficulty to get pregnant.
  2. Thinness: on the other hand, having a BMI less than 19 can mean a loss of menstruation (amenorrhea) and other problems to conceive.
  3. Tobacco: reduces fertility, whether you are an active or passive smoker.
  4. Stress: in the case of couples, it can suppose a lack of sexual desire that induces to stop having sexual relations.
  5. Alcohol: several studies claim that alcohol decreases the chances of conceiving.
  6. Medications: some of the medications can have adverse effects that will not make it impossible to have a child, but will make it difficult.
  7. Toxic products: pesticides, pollution caused by vehicles, etc. It can directly affect the possibility of conceiving.
  8. Age: female fertility decreases with the passage of years, being 35 years old it is a point of inflection where it begins to decline and with 40 years old it worsen rapidly.
  9. Endometriosis: when the uterine tissue is outside the uterus.
  10. Chronic diseases: diabetes, cancer and other diseases can lead to infertility. In addition, the use of medications to combat these diseases does not help in relation to fertility.


What to do to increase your fertility?


Although not everything is in our hands, we can take some measures to prevent infertility.


Basically these measures go through having a healthier life:


  • Stop drinking alcohol
  • Do more exercise
  • Maintain sexual relations more frequently, without considering ovulation, so as not to suffer stress.


How to become pregnant with infertility?


Being infertile does not mean not being able to be a mother. Not now with our assisted reproduction treatments. If you have fertility problems and want to get pregnant, we will help you, doing a study to find out what method will suit you better to achieve it and the chances of getting pregnant you will have thanks to them.


Fortunately, over the years, assisted reproduction treatments have advanced and with them, their effectiveness.


One of these methods is In Vitro Fertilization, a treatment where embryos are generated in the laboratory with an egg from the mother and a sperm from the male. After this, the obtained embryos are transferred to the interior of the mother’s uterus, where a completely normal pregnancy develops.


Published by Dr Maria Arqué

Medical Director at Reproclinic
Specialist in Obstetrics/Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine