27 Feb Fertility treatments for each case
Assisted reproduction is not only the hope for couples with an infertility problem. It is also the help for single women who want to become mothers or the solution for couples of homosexual women who want to have a child but can not receive it naturally.
Thanks to the different techniques of reproductive medicine, anyone who wishes can fulfill their dream of having a baby. And not only that, there are also treatments that make it possible to postpone motherhood and increase the chances of carrying out a healthy pregnancy.
What are the main techniques of assisted reproduction?
Intrauterine Insemination (Artificial Insemination): Intrauterine Insemination can be done with the semen of a couple or with the semen of a donor. This is the technique for both, couples with fertility problems and women who have no partner.
It is the most natural and simple method of assisted reproduction because it seeks to reproduce a natural fertilization. This consists of placing the sperm in the uterus of the woman so that fertilization takes place. Before that, ovarian stimulation is performed on the woman and semen is optimized to increase the chances of pregnancy.
In vitro fertilization: It is a more complex technique than Intrauterine Insemination but more effective. The main difference is that fertilization occurs artificially. The sperm is united with the ovum in the laboratory in order to finally implant the best embryo in the uterus of the woman.
There are different types of IVF depending on whether the semen of the couple or a donor is used and whether the woman’s or donor’s ovules are used.
Ovodonation: Ovodonation is the ideal IVF for women whose ovules do not work correctly because they have already passed the age of 38 and their chances of getting pregnant are lower.
The donor that has the highest phenotypic and immunological similarity with the woman and the couple, previously accepted in the donor program, is selected.
Reciprocal IVF: also known as shared motherhood, is the end of concerns for lesbian couples who want to be mothers. It consists of an in vitro fertilization in which the two members of the couple participate in the pregnancy (one puts the eggs and the other gestates the baby).
Embryo vitrification: In an In Vitro Fertilization, several ovules are fertilized to select and implant the best embryo. Many couples or single mothers decide to vitrify the resulting embryos (also of good quality) to look for a new pregnancy, donate them to other couples or donate them for research.
Vitrifying embryos resulting from an IVF is a way to considerably increase the chances of pregnancy because this “freezing” keeps its characteristics intact and the chances are as high as if it was a fresh embryo.
In addition, thanks to preimplantation genetic diagnosis, it is possible to analyze embryos before a transfer of vitrified embryos. This laboratory technique allows detecting a possible genetic anomaly.
There are other tests to genetically analyze embryos and gametes, the genetics of donors and the compatibility between them and the pregnant woman and the couple. It is a series of studies that are essential in a fertility treatment because they help detect genetic abnormalities.
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