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STDS

Can STDs cause infertility?

 
By Reproclinic Editorial Committee
 

STDs (Sexually transmitted diseases) are one of the most unknown causes of infertility among the population. The rejection of many young people to use condoms, the only current form to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, creates a greater likelihood of contracting these diseases, and therefore, putting their health and fertility at risk.

 

The STDs that cause the highest rate of infertility in the population are:

  • Gonorrhea, caused by the bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
  • Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis.

 

These two sexually transmitted diseases can cause pelvic inflammation. In the female reproductive system, this inflammation can appear in the fallopian tubes, causing infertility or ectopic pregnancies.

In the case of the male reproductive system, inflammation takes place in the pathways where the sperms are located, causing the production of a smaller amount of sperm at the time of ejaculation.

 

What are the symptoms of gonorrhea and chlamydia?

 

In women, both gonorrhea and chlamydia can be observed in the presence of vaginal pain and bad odor. If you notice any of these symptoms go to your gynecologist for an examination and make sure you are not suffering from any of these diseases.

 

In men, the most common symptoms are:

  • Thick and yellow discharge from the urethra
  • Burning pain during and after urination
  • Pain in the testicles
  • Rectal weight sensation.

 

What other STDs cause infertility?

 

Two other STDs that cause infertility are the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Apart from the well known consequences of these diseases, they cause problems in the reproductive system, of both male and female.

HPV

In the case of the Human Papilloma Virus, if the lesions are external, the cervical mucus of the woman can be affected and, therefore, have higher difficulties to get pregnant.

HIV

Regarding the HIV, the risk of cervical abnormalities and an early menopause increases.

In the male reproductive system, the condition causes:

  • Inflammation in the testicles
  • Lower production of hormones
  • Lower quality in the sperm

 

In short, after reading how STDs can affect your fertility, it is important to always use contraceptive methods that protect you from them and we recommend to go to a specialist with any occurring symptom.

 

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Privacy policy

Before providing the information on this form, and pursuant to RGPD 2016/679, you must read and agree with these conditions on the protection of personal data, accepting and consenting to the processing of your data by Reproclinic sl (Reproclinic) using the methods and for the purposes indicated in this text, in the Data Protection Statement, Privacy Policy, and in the Legal Notice.

 

About your data

We inform you that your data will be included in a file managed by Reproclinic sl (Reproclinic) in order to reply to your request and send you the information you requested, as well as to send you commercial communications electronically on services that may be of interest to you..

By filling out this application form, you grant your unequivocal consent to Reproclinic sl (Reproclinic), which shall provide us with the legal basis for processing your personal information for the purposes listed in the previous paragraph.

Your information may be transferred to Prolonga Fertilidad sl (Fertty) or to companies with which it has business ties.

You may exercise your rights to Access, Rectify, Delete, Oppose the processing of, Erase, Limit and Portability of your data by writing to Reproclinic C / Ausiàs Marc 25, 08010 Barcelona (lopd@reproclinic.com).

Unless you inform us otherwise, we will assume that your details have not been modified, that you agree to notify us of any change thereto, and that we have your consent to process said details for the aforementioned purposes.

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